Lugou Bridge’s present and past

2019-06-11 15:20 千龙网

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The Lugou Bridge is seen against blue sky and white cloud on June 9, 2019. [Photo by Wei Xingdong/tuku.qianlong.com]

The Lugou Bridge is a fine stone bridge over the Yongding River, located 15 km southwest of Beijing proper, in the Fengtai District.

The 266-meter-long Lugou Bridge, constructed between 1189 and 1192, is the oldest arch stone bridge existing by the present.

One feature that makes the Lugou Bridge unique lies in its sophisticated figures of lions.

These figures of lions were carved on 281 posts of the bridge’s two rows of carved white marble balustrades.

Each of the 281 posts has one big lion and several small lions either are hidden or visible.

They were carved in a great variety of aspects; some look like playing games, some like sleeping.

What’s more, they were distributed unequally among the 281 marble posts.

So Beijingers have a saying to the effect that "the lions of the Lugou Bridge are too numerous to count."

Many people in the past 800 years had tried to find the precise number of these lions, but failed.

Finally, the antiquarian gave a definite number of 501 ones.

Marco Polo once visited the Lugou Bridge and wrote about it in his diary, "Over this river there is a very fine stone bridge, so fine indeed, that it has very few equals in the world."

In addition to its intriguing figures of lions, the Lugou Bridge is also well-known as the place where Chinese troops fired the first shots to fight back Japanese’s invasion on July 7, 1937. This is called as “the Lugou Bridge Incident or the July 7 Incident.”

To memorize the broke out of the incident, the Museum of the War of Chinese People's Resistance Against Japanese Aggression was built bythe Lugou Bridge in 1987.

Just in front of the museum, there is a square to commemorate the War Against Japanese Aggression.

In the centre of the square, a four-meter-high stone lion entitled "the Awakened Lion" stands, by which the courage and prowess against foreign invasion is fully displayed and it also symbolizes the awakening of the Chinese nation.

Visitors are seen at the Lugou Bridge against blue sky and white cloud on June 9, 2019. [Photo by Wei Xingdong/tuku.qianlong.com]

Figures of lions in a great variety of aspects are seen at the Lugou Bridge against blue sky and white cloud on June 9, 2019. [Photo by Wei Xingdong/tuku.qianlong.com]

The Lugou Bridge against blue sky and white cloud creates beautiful summer scenery on June 9, 2019. [Photo by Wei Xingdong/tuku.qianlong.com]

The Lugou Bridge is seen against sunglow on June 9, 2019. [Photo by Wei Xingdong/tuku.qianlong.com]

The Lugou Bridge is seen against sunglow on June 9, 2019. [Photo by Wei Xingdong/tuku.qianlong.com]

责任编辑:元小娜(QN0049)

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