Beijing issued a planning (2018-2035) for the Great Wall Cultural Belt’s conservation and development at the foot of Jiankou Great Wall, in Huairou District of Beijing on April 16, 2019.
This planning contains nine parts, including resource structure, value and status quo, principles and aims, scale and spatial layout, protection of the Great Wall’s heritage, and restoration of the Great Wall’s ecology.
It designates the spatial layout of Great Wall Cultural Belt. It also defines the cultural best’s strategic position, development principles and aims at different stages.
According to the planning, the total area of the Great Wall Cultural Belt is 4,929.29 square kilometers, accounting for about 30 percent of the city’s total area.
The Great Wall Cultural Belt is divided into the core area about 2,228.02 square kilometers and the radiation area about 2,701.27 square kilometers.
The spatial layout of the Great Wall Cultural Belt is defined as “One line, Five areas and Multiple spots”.
“One line” refers to the Great Wall line, the remains wall of the Great Wall, which are the main object of the conservation.
The Great Wall within Beijing Municipality is totally 520.77 kilometers in length, distributing in the city’s six districts, namely, Pinggu District, Miyun District, Huairou District, Yanqing District, Changping District, and Mentougou District.
“Five areas” mean the five core clusters, display zones to ease the tourist pressure of the Great Wall’s open scenic areas.
From west to east, the five core clusters are Yanhecheng cluster, Juyong Road cluster, Huanghua Road cluster, Gubeikou Road cluster and Malan Road cluster.
Each cluster has several well-known sections of the Great Wall.
For example, the Gubeikou Road cluster consists of Gubeikou main scenic spot, Jinshanling scenic spot and Simatai scenic spot.
As for Juyong Road cluster, it incorporates the Badaling section of the Great Wall, Juyongguan Pass of the Great Wall, Shangguan scenic area and Nankou scenic area.
“Multiple spots” are villages and townships that remained from the former Weicheng, Suocheng and other commanding centers along the Great Wall.