Wusi Dajie: in name of Chinese Youth

2017-05-04 16:22 千龙网

打印 放大 缩小

Every year, Chinese Youth Day falls on May 4 to mark the May 4th Movement in 1919. In Beijing, there is a famous cultural street called Wusi Dajie (May 4 Street in mandarin), which connects to Jingshan Dongjie in the west and Dongsixi Dajie in the east. Located on the border of Dongcheng and Xicheng districts, Wusi Dajie is the most middle street from east to west in Beijing. It is also said to be the shortest street in Beijing, with its length of 740 meters.

A guideboard of Wusi Dajie is seen by the roadside, Dongcheng district, Beijing, May 3, 2017. [Photo/Qianlong]

Wuyi Dajie got its name for the Red Building of Peking University on the north side of the street, which had been the cradle of the May 4th Movement nearly 100 years ago. The May 4th Movement advocating “democracy” and “science” began at the Red Building of Peking University on May 4, 1919. Students in Beijing took action first and it gradually developed into a nationwide patriotic campaign against imperialism. After the foundation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the government declared Chinese Youth Day on May 4 of each year.

Now when people walk along this historical street, they can not only personally read the history of the May 4th New Culture Movement, but also get to know the stories behind Beijing streets.


A crossroad is seen on Wusi Dajie, Dongcheng district, Beijing, May 3, 2017. [Photo/Qianong]

Red Building of Peking University

The Red Building of Peking University was completed in 1918. It was built in brick and wood structure and the main building was built with red bricks, so it was known as “Red Building”. It was the school building of Peking University, students’ dormitory, library and liberal arts classrooms, where many scholars and thinkers including Cai Yuanpei, Chen Duxiu, Li Dazhao, Hu Shi, Lu Xun and Mao Zedong worked. After the foundation of the People’s Republic of China, it became the office building of State Administration of Cultural Heritage and Cultural Relics Press.


Photo taken on May 3, 2017 shows the Red Building of Peking University on Wusi Dajie, Dongcheng district, Beijing, May 3, 2017. [Photo/Qianong]


A stone tablet is set up to show Red Building is one of the first batch of key cultural relic sites under the station protection, Beijing, May 3, 2017. [Photo/Qianlong]

In 1961, it was listed as one of the first batch of key cultural relic sites under the state protection, and in April 2002 it opened as the New Culture Movement Memorial of Beijing, which is the only one comprehensive museum across the country to fully display the history of the May 4th New Culture Movement.


Photo taken on May 3, 2017 shows the gate of the New Culture Movement Memorial of Beijing on Wusi Dajie, Dongcheng district, Beijing. [Photo/Qianlong]


Photo taken on May 3, 2017 shows the Lecture Hall of the New Culture Movement Memorial of Beijing on Wusi Dajie, Dongcheng district, Beijing. [Photo/Qianlong]


Photo taken on May 3, 2017 shows the Second Reading Room of the New Culture Movement Memorial of Beijing on Wusi Dajie, Dongcheng district, Beijing. [Photo/Qianlong]

After being the major front of the New Culture Movement and the cradle of the May 4th Movement, now the hundred-year-old building still stands solemnly and steadily on the street.

Currently, the old school buildings behind Red Building are the office buildings of Qiushi Journal. In the west side of the gate of Red Building lies a reader service store of Cultural Relics Press, and a group of long, simple show windows of State Administration of Cultural Heritage are set up on both sides of the gate to display information on archaeological excavations throughout the country, cultural relic appreciation and museums with pictures.


Photo taken on May 3, 2017 shows the gate of the office buildings of Qiushi Journal, Dongcheng district, Beijing. [Photo/Qianong]


A reader service store of Cultural Relics Press opens on Wusi Dajie, Dongcheng district, Beijing, May 3, 2017. [Photo/Qianong]


A group of show windows of State Administration of Cultural Heritage are set up on Wusi Dajie, Dongcheng district, Beijing, May 3, 2017. [Photo/Qianlong]

May 4th Monument

In 2001, a 4.5-meter-wide, 8.2-meter-long and 4-ton-weight May 4th monument was built on the crossroad east to Red Building on Wusi Dajie to commemorate the May 4th New Culture Movement. The monument was designed as an old newspaper written with the words of “1919.5.4” and engraved with a relief works themed “Open a new chapter in history”.


The May 4th Monument is built at a crossroad on Wusi Dajie, Dongcheng district, Beijing, May 3, 2017. [Photo/Qianlong]

On the west wall of the old school site of Peking University, there is a long relief wall created on the theme of “Dawn”, which records the history of the May 4th Movement.


A long relief wall themed “Dawn” is built on Wusi Dajie, Dongcheng district, Beijing, May 3, 2017. [Photo/Qianlong]

National Art Museum of China

In addition to the Red Building of Peking University, Wusi Dajie is home to National Art Museum of China. Built in 1958, the national art museum is one of the top ten buildings during the ten years after the foundation of People’s Republic of China and it is also the largest art exhibition hall in China, where the exhibitions are frequently updated and rich in content.


National Art Museum of China stands on Wusi Dajie, Dongcheng district, Beijing, May 3, 2017. [Photo/Qianlong]

Old hutongs

In the north area to Wusi Dajie, there are a number of old intersecting hutongs with old doors, door piers and exquisite brick carvings. Those hutongs are the rare places with the traditional life of old Beijingers maintained, and they were used to be the former residences to teachers and students of Peking University, witnessing their revolutionary enthusiasm and stories. Take time to stroll around the hutongs and a former residence of some celebrities may be unexpectedly discovered in a small, ordinary hutong.


A hutong is seen nearby Wusi Dajie, Dongcheng district, Beijing, May 3, 2017. [Photo/Qianlong]

If you go

New Culture Movement Memorial of Beijing: free admission, open from 9:00 to 16:00 (No Entry after 15:30), and closed on Mondays

National Art Museum of China: free admission, open from 9:00 to 17:00 (No Entry after 16:00), and closed on Mondays

Transport: take subway Line 6, get off at Dongsi Station, and then walk west for about 10 minutes.

责任编辑:Ai Ting(QN0043)