Discover ‘four ancients’ of Shuiyu Village in Fangshan

2017-01-05 11:31 千龙网

打印 放大 缩小

Located in Nanjiao township of Fangshan district, 80 kilometers away from downtown Beijing, Shuiyu Village is a well-preserved ancient mountain village like a piece of uncut jade hidden among mountains.

The ditch is frozen at Shuiyu Village, Fangshan district, Beijing, Jan. 2, 2016. [Photo/Qianlong]

Born in the early Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the village has a history of over 600 years. There are more than 400 households in the village, and many of them have moved outside. So the whole village is usually very quiet for most of the villagers are left-behind elders. Moreover, the village’s long history brings it a unique cultural landscape of ancient houses, stone grinders, flag pole performances and the ancient commercial road.

Ancient houses

Shuiyu Village is built on mountains and an S-shaped stone road runs through the village, where more than 100 ancient houses with over 600 rooms have been preserved in a unique courtyard residential architecture style of the villages in the north of China.


An S-shaped stone road runs through Shuiyu Village, Fangshan district, Beijing, Jan. 2, 2016. [Photo/Qianlong]

Weng Gate, ancient but still solid, stands on the only way to Shuiyu Village with a stone plaque reads ning shui, which means the gate is used for preventing from flood.


Weng Gate stands at Shuiyu Village, Fangshan district, Beijing, Jan. 2, 2016. [Photo/Qianlong]

The Courtyard of Yang Family with four buildings is one of the most representative ancient houses in the village. It is built by stones during the reign of Emperor Qianlong (1736-1796) of Qing Dynasty with gatehouses, stone carvings and two exquisite Qing-style stone drums standing on both sides of its gate.


The Courtyard of Yang Family is seen at Shuiyu Village, Fangshan district, Beijing, Jan. 2, 2016. [Photo/Qianlong]

Built during the reign of Emperor Kangxi (1661-1722) of Qing Dynasty, Niangniang Temple worships Emperor Wanli’s mother and is the place where the mothers in the village pray for safety and health for their children. There was once a large iron bell, which is now placed at Big Bell Temple in Beijing.


Niangniang Temple is seen at Shuiyu Village, Fangshan district, Beijing, Jan. 2, 2016. [Photo/Qianlong]

There is a 350-year-old Chinese scholar tree, which is the only living one of the four planted when the villagers moved from Shanxi province. It tells the villagers’ nostalgia for their hometown.


The ancient Chinese scholar tree (R) stands at Shuiyu Village, Fangshan district, Beijing, Jan. 2, 2016. [Photo/Qianlong]


A cellar is said to be used for storing vegetables or as an air-raid shelter at Shuiyu Village, Fangshan district, Beijing, Jan. 2, 2016. [Photo/Qianlong]

Ancient stone grinders

A total of 128 stone grinders scatter around the village with the most ancient one from the reign of Emperor Daoguang (1821-1851) of Qing Dynasty, and most of them can still work today. These stone grinders have recorded the villagers’ diet, production and customs like a history book. Now Shuiyu Village has been certified as the village with the most stone grinders by Shanghai China Records Headquarters.


The certificate of the village with the most stone grinders is displayed at Shuiyu Village, Fangshan district, Beijing, Jan. 2, 2016. [Photo/Qianlong]


A stone grinder is seen at Shuiyu Village, Fangshan district, Beijing, Jan. 2, 2016. [Photo/Qianlong]

Ancient commercial road

There is an ancient commercial road in the village, which was once the only way to Beijing in the southwest with lots of shops and businessmen. Later, the road declined and was covered by hoof prints and weeds after a national road was built for automobiles.


A guidepost is seen at Shuiyu Village, Fangshan district, Beijing, Jan. 2, 2016. [Photo/Qianlong]


An ancient stone road is seen at Shuiyu Village, Fangshan district, Beijing, Jan. 2, 2016. [Photo/Qianlong]

Ancient flag pole performance

The village hosts the ancient flag pole performance which can be traced back to the Ming Dynasty for praying a good weather for the crops and peace and prosperity for the country. Now as the performance develops and innovates constantly, it has been shown during the Beijing Olympic Games and listed as one of the intangible cultural heritages of Beijing.

If you go

Take bus line Fang 23 and get off at Shuiyu Village Station or drive along 108 National Road to arrive at Shuiyu Village of Nanjiao township in Fangshan district, Beijing.

责任编辑:Ai Ting(QN0043)