‘Record holders’ of Beijing 【这366天】那些不一样的“北京之最

2016-12-16 13:30 千龙网

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As an ancient capital and a modern cosmopolitan city, Beijing is home to many “record holders”. Today we will examine some of them to find their unique charms.

作为历史悠久的古都和现代化大都市,北京有着许多“之最”。咱们一起来盘点一下那些不一样的“北京之最”, 去体会它们的魅力吧!

Remotest villages in Beijing: Huayuan village in Miyun, Yudouquan village in Fangshan, Shifosi village in Daxing and Shidongzi village in Huairou.

北京四至:最东密云花园村,最西房山鱼斗泉村,最南大兴石佛寺村,最北怀柔石洞子村。

Among the four villages, Huayuan village is a folk village where you can see the first drop of sunshine in Beijing, Yudouquan village boasts natural beauty, Shifosi village was named after Shifo Temple in the village, and Shidongzi village got its name for a natural stone cave in the village.

其中,花园村是北京民俗旅游村也是北京第一缕阳光的诞生地,鱼斗泉村自然风景优美,石佛寺村因村中的石佛寺得名,而石洞子村则有一处天然的石洞。

Temple with the largest number of stone scriptures: Yunju Temple in Shijingshan (Stone Scriptures Mountain)

石刻佛经最多的寺庙:石经山云居寺

There are two wonders in Shijingshan, firstly Shijingshan is the highest level site, where the royal family organized to engrave scriptures on the stones for the longest time throughout the seven dynasties of Sui, Tang, Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing, and secondly Jinxiangongzhu Tower on the top of Shijingshan is a rarely-seen delicate Tang Dynasty (618 — 907 AD) stone pagoda in China and one of the eight existing Tang Dynasty stone pagodas in Beijing.

http://english.qianlong.com/2016/0808/816974.shtml

石经山历经隋、唐、辽、金、元、明、清七个朝代,却从未停止石经镌刻,且均为皇家组织镌刻、修建,可以说石经山是中国等级最高、开凿镌刻过程最长的一处佛教刻经、供经遗迹,此为“一奇”;北京市现存唐塔共8座,石经山就有两座,包括东台石塔和金仙公主塔。从全国范围来看,建在山顶而且如此精致的唐代石质佛塔也非常少见,此为“二奇”。

The most fashionable market: Sanyuanli Market

北京最洋气的菜市场:三源里菜市场

At a glance of the market, the clean stalls orderly categorized by goods sell fresh food of extremely international varieties. It features a lot of food items rarely seen in other markets in Beijing, such as the distinct fruits and vegetables from home and abroad, rich aquatic products from different countries, various unnamed sweetgrass, authentic spices and exotic food seasonings.

http://english.qianlong.com/2016/0722/776098.shtml

干净整洁的摊位上售卖来自世界各地的鲜货,很多你在北京其他菜市场难得一见,比如来自海内外的特色水果和蔬菜、海鲜、以及很多你叫不上名字的香草、和调味品。

The most commercialized museum: Wanfeng Snack

北京最商业化的博物馆:万丰小吃城

Located in the Lize International Financial Zone in Fengtai District, Wanfeng Snack is dedicated to be an important window displaying traditional Chinese food culture for tourists home and abroad. It was rated as the largest snack shop in the world by China World Records Association in 2010.

http://english.qianlong.com/2016/0923/959882.shtml

位于北京丰台丽泽国际金融区内的万丰小吃万丰小吃是中外游客了解中国,感受传统饮食文化的重要窗口。2010年,万丰小吃创《世界最大小吃店》世界记录。

The most artistic mall: Parkview Green FangCaoDi

北京最文艺的商场:侨福芳草地

Art is the building Parkview Green FangCaoDi’s most distinctive feature. More than 500 artworks are exhibited in its dynamic space including Spanish master Salvador Dali’s and most of these works are sculptures. There are more than 40 pieces of sculptures of Dali which it is said that only Barcelona in Spain can be matched with it from the aspect of number of collections.

http://english.qianlong.com/2016/0805/811558.shtml

侨福芳草地在整体布局上的艺术感无处不在,这里展示有500多件艺术作品,其中包括40多件西班牙艺术大师达利的雕塑。从数量上来说,据说只有巴斯罗那保存的达利雕塑作品能够与之比肩。

Lamp posts with the most functions: Multifunctional lamp posts installed in Zuoanmen Xijie

北京功能最多的路灯杆:东城区左安门西街的复合型灯杆

Besides lighting, these lamp posts also possess functions like smart security monitoring, WIFI coverage, and IntelliSense of PM 2.5 through linkage with the smart city access platform. Some also have electronic screens where the date, time, temperature, humidity and wind speed of the day are shown. What’s more, the lamp posts are also equipped with charger interfaces.

http://english.qianlong.com/2016/1214/1212377.shtml

位于东城区左安门西街的复合型灯杆是目前北京功能最多的路灯杆,除照明外,通过构建的智慧城市接入平台,灯杆可实现智慧安防视频监控、无线城市WIFI覆盖、PM2.5智能感知等便民服务功能。这20个复合型灯杆中有两颗灯杆上安装了电子显示屏,上面显示着日期时间、温度、湿度、风速等信息。此外,灯杆上还配备了电动汽车充电口。

The smallest temple: Miaojue Temple

北京最小的寺院:妙觉寺

On the Back Hill and at the north bank of Suzhou River in the Summer Palace lies a small temple – Miaojue Temple. The tiny temple built in the Qing Dynasty consists of a mount gate, a flagpole base, a main hall decorated with colored paintings and temple wall. It is said that the temple was built for the sake of landscaping. Covering about 60 square meters, Miaojue Temple is the smallest temple in Beijing.

在颐和园的后山、苏州河的北岸,有一座掩映在绿荫中的小庙,这就是北京最小的寺院——妙觉寺。该寺始建于乾隆年间,十分小巧,整个寺院包括山门、院落旗杆座以及正殿和院墙,寺中供奉“诚救佛”。总共不过60平方米,且正殿饰以彩绘。据考,“此寺为构虚轩、绘芳堂的对景,和嘉荫轩的衬景,即为造景而设,寺甚小。”

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The lowest hill: Yangshan

北京最矮的山:仰山

There is an artificial hill called Yangshan in Olympic Forest Park, 86.5 meters above sea level, the peak of Yangshan is even lower than that of Jingshan. Lying on the Central Axis of Beijing, the hill commands a good view. Here you can have a panoramic view of such Olympic landmarks as Olympic Tower, Bird’s Nest and Water Cube.

在北京奥林匹克森林公园中有一座人造山,名为仰山。仰山的主峰海拔高度只有86.5米,比景山公园的海拔还要低,所以可以算是北京最矮的山了。位于北京中轴线上的仰山视野极佳,可以远眺奥林匹克塔、鸟巢、水立方等2008年北京奥运地标。

The highest mountain: Lingshan Mountain

北京最高的山:灵山

Titled as “the first mountain of Beijing”, Lingshan Mountain in northwest of Mentougou is 2,303 meters above sea level. Its altitude is even higher than that of such famous mountains as Mount Lu, Mount Tai and Mount Huang. Thus those who love mountaineering must not miss Lingshan Mountain.

灵山位于门头沟西北部,号称“北京第一山”,顶峰海拔2303米,海拔高度已超过了著名的庐山、泰山、黄山等著名山峰,所以想攀登高峰的朋友们一定不要错过北京的灵山。

 

The highest building: The headquarters building of CITIC Group

北京最高的楼:北京中信集团总部大楼(中国尊)

The headquarters building of CITIC has another name -“Zhongguo Zun”(China Zun). As the name suggests, the building emphasizes Chinese characteristics. Situated in the CBD of Chaoyang, the building will be the highest skyscraper in Beijing and has been included in the “top ten modern buildings of China”.

北京中信集团总部大楼有个特别好听的名字叫“中国尊”,建筑造型凸显中国特色。中国尊位于北京朝阳区CBD核心区,建成之后将成为北京最高的地标建筑,并已列入“中国当代十大建筑”。

The earliest railway station: Zhengyangmen East Railway Station

北京最早的火车站:正阳门东站

Designed by the British and built in 1903, Zhengyangmen East Railway Station, also known as old Qianmen Railway Station, used to be the largest railway station in China then. The European-style station is adjacent to Dongjiao Minxiang and Qianmen commercial district, and has two storeys underground, three storeys above ground as well as three platforms and waiting rooms at the west end. Today the over-100-year-old railway station is the Zhengyangmen branch of China Railway Museum.

正阳门东站就是老前门火车站,在清光绪二十九年,由英国人修建的,是当时全国最大的火车站。该火车站与东交民巷和前门商业区相邻,是一座欧式风格建筑,分地下2层,地上3层,站内有3座站台,在车站的西端还有候车室。正阳门东站现为中国铁路博物馆正阳门馆,已有百余年历史。

The bridge with the largest number of stone lines: Seventeen-Arch Bridge

北京狮子最多的桥:十七孔桥

北京的桥精美绝伦,以卢沟桥和颐和园中的十七孔桥最为出名,其中十七孔桥被认定为古代汉族桥梁建筑的杰作。这两座桥有一个共同点,就是桥上的石狮子特别多,而数量最多的是颐和园的十七孔桥。十七孔桥是清乾隆年间建造的,飞跨于东堤和南湖岛,桥栏望柱上神态各异的石狮子生动有趣,且大大小小共有544只,比卢沟桥的狮子多出59只。

Lugou Bridge and the Seventeen-Arch Bridge stand out among the exquisite bridges in Beijing. Both of the two bridges are known for their numerous stone lions. Built during Emperor Qianlong’s reign in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), the Seventeen-Arch Bridge connecting the East Causeway and South Lake Island has altogether 544 stone lions featuring different postures and expressions on its guard rails, 59 more than those on Lugou Bridge.

The largest archway: The archway in front of Dongyue Temple

北京最大的牌楼:东岳庙前的牌楼

Dongyue Temple, reputed as the first Taoist temple in North China, is the largest temple of Zhengyi school of Taoism in northern China. As a building attached to Dongyue temple, the archway in front of the temple is located south of Chaoyangmenwai Dajie. First built in 1602 in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the archway is said to be funded by the eunuchs. The northern side of the archway reads “yong yan di zuo” (everlasting empire) and the southern side reads “zhi si dai zong” (offering sacrifices to God of Mount Tai). There was a wooden archway on its east and west sides respectively and it is a pity that both of the wooden archways have been dismantled.

东岳庙是北方最大的正一派道观,有华北第一道观之称,北京最大的牌楼便是东岳庙的附属建筑,位于朝阳门外大街路南,也叫朝外东岳庙琉璃牌楼。该牌楼始建于明万历三十年,据说是由太监们捐资兴建的。牌楼北面书有“永延帝祚”,南面刻有“秩祀岱宗”,原本牌楼东西方向还各有一座木制牌楼,可惜已被拆除。

The earliest shopping mall: Dongan Department Store

北京最早的商场:东安市场

With a history of over 100 years, Dongan Department Store in Wangfujing Dajie is the earliest comprehensive shopping mall in Beijing. In the past, Dongan Department Store offered not only food and drink but also entertainment. As Donganmenwai Dajie was close to the Forbidden City, many royal members and high officials built houses there. The street which was also lined with many shops and stalls was often congested. To ease the congestion, the stalls were relocated to the drill ground to the southeast, and thus Dongan Department Store was born.

位于王府井大街的东安市场是北京最早的综合市场,老北京时期的东安市场集吃、喝、玩、乐于一体。东安市场距今已有100年历史了,东安门外大街这一带离皇城很近,有很多皇亲国戚和大臣在周边置办宅院,但是东安门外大街两侧的店铺摊位也很多,这就造成皇亲国戚和大臣出入宫廷的道路拥堵。为了解决这个问题,才将街边摊贩迁到东南边的八旗兵神机营练兵场,于是便有了东安市场。

The shortest hutong: Yichi Dajie

北京最短的胡同:一尺大街

Being the shortest hutong in Beijing, Yichi Dajie is only dozens of meters long. In spite of its shortness, the alleyway is said to be “an epitome of the hutongs in Beijing”. With a history of at least over 70 years, the alleyway originally was home to six shops – a liquor shop, a blacksmith’s shop, a barber’s shop and three seal carving shops. If you are interested in Beijing hutong, don’t forget to pay a visit to Yichi Dajie when you come to Liulichang.

一尺大街不过几十余米长,是北京最短的胡同,虽然它很短,但人们称之为“北京胡同的缩影”。一尺大街至少有70多年历史,在这一尺大街上原只有六家门店,分别是大酒缸、铁匠铺、理发店和三家刻字店。对北京胡同有浓厚兴趣的朋友,如果哪天去琉璃厂玩儿,务必要顺道走走这一尺大街。

注:部分中文内容参考来源——北京旅游网。

责任编辑:Lu Qing(QN0045)